It is the Human Papilloma Virus. The virus has several strains which are responsible for causing different sexually transmitted infections. These different strains include the HPV-16 and HPV-18, responsible for 70% of cervical cancers and HPV-6 and 11 responsible for 90% of genital warts .
Anyone who has ever engaged in sexual activity (Vaginal, Anal or Oral Sex)
Yes! Regardless of the number of sexual partners, a lady still stands the risk. Having multiple sexual partners only increases the risk.
Yes it is absolutely possible with the help of vaccines.
There are two vaccines available namely;
Cervarix and Gardasil both of which are approved by the CDC and FDA.
Cervarix protects against the HPV-I6 and 18 responsible for cervical cancer.
Gardasil protects against HPV- 6,11,16 & 18 responsible for genital warts and cervical cancer.
These vaccines are also available for young girls from the age of 9.
HPV vaccines when taken, stimulates the body to
produce antibodies that will fight the HPV virus
when it is introduced into the body thereby preventing an infection.
HPV vaccines are approved by the FDA for girls and ladies from the age of 9 to 26 who are not yet sexually active. This is to enable full protection in future.
It is also highly recommended and effective in sexually active
ladies over the age of 26 who have been exposed to this virus. It doesn’t cure the already existing infection but protects the woman from the strains of
the virus she has not been exposed to.
This is the reason why having a cervical screening is advised for treatment of an already existing infection.
The vaccines are not recommended for pregnant women. Studies have shown that the HPV vaccines do not cause problems for babies born to women who were vaccinated while pregnant but more research is still being carried out to properly ascertain the fact.
Minor effects seen are common with any type of vaccination. This includes pain where the shot was given, fever, dizziness and
nausea. The vaccine’s safety is continually monitored by the CDC and FDA.
A total of 3 doses will be taken over a period of 6 months at 0, 2 and 6 months.
After taking the the first shot, you will then take the second shot a month after and the last shot, four months after the second shot.